My roots

It is not uninteresting, before the departure for a trip around the world of several years, to point out its roots by presenting on this web a short history of France integrated into a political Europe in progress. The text is written starting from the facts and the symbols of these two entities. The sources of information are given by the hypertext links.


The geographical situation of France explains the ambivalence of mentalities of the people and the political leaders. This reminder makes the political opinions of the French Republic easier to understand.

Culturally, it belongs to the Mediterranean world. French culture is the syncretism of  Mesopotamian thought and Greek rationalism. This sociological aspect is found in the acceptance of religion.

Demographically, it is the Western end of the Indo-European plain. Migratory flows from the east were stopped by the Atlantic Ocean and made stock on the hexagonal territory of the Gaul of the Roman Conquest.



La France today, has more than five thousand years of history which it would be illusory, even presumptuous to want to summarize. In the 7th century BC the people come from the centre of Europe, the Celts, crossed the Rhine and settled on a part of the territory of what is France today. It is difficult to give to France a date of birth, to choose 496 and the baptism of Clovis king of the Francs, or 987 the coronation of Hughes Capet, founder of the dynasty which reigned for nine centuries on the country, or 1789 and the Revolution.

The Tricolour, the three-coloured flag, born from the combination, under the French revolution, of the colours of the king (white) and the town of Paris (blue and red) became the national emblem by the law of the 27 pluviôse year II (February 15, 1794).
Originally a revolutionary battle song and hymn to liberty, the Marseillaise, has became the national anthem.
On proposal of the Seine representative, Benjamin Raspail, the law of July 6, 1880 made of July 14 the national holiday of the Republic.

« L’importance de la France, c’est qu’elle réunit ce que dit le monde et elle l’exprime dans une langue claire. »

Joseph de Maistre


Europe will be political or will not be. It is the result of the conflicts which agitated the area during 19th and especially 20th centuries. It was of primary importance for the safety of the people to conceive a political entity gathering the nations destroyed by the two world wars.



Political Europe arose from the will of three men who conceived this generous idea at the end of the Second World War, Jean Monnet, Paul-Henri Spaak, Alcide de Gasperi. The impulse was given by "Declaration of Robert Schumann" on May 09, 1950.
The continuation of this enthralling adventure without precedent in the history of humanity is told by the official site of the European Union. The challenge launched by this political construction is up to the hopes of the people concerned with the abandonment of secular conflicts.
A crucial stage will be reached by the adoption of new institutions and its expansion to eastern nations.

The flag was adopted in 1986 by the Council of Europe. Its heraldic description is 'on azure field a circle of twelve golden mullets, their points not touching'.

The European anthem adopted by the Council of Europe in  1972 and used by the European Union since 1986 is the Ode to Joy of the 9th Symphony by Beethoven.

Europe day was fixed on May 09, date of the Schumann declaration. Prizes are awarded each year, gold stars of twinning for towns, the European Diploma for natural sites.

« Change the way you think, and you are halfway to changing the world. »


Theodore Zeldin